This Mixed Nut or Mixed Dry Fruit Chikki is a wonderful and power-packed treat perfect for the festival of Makar Sankranti. A delicious treat packed with mixed nuts and sesame seeds, this Sesame Seed Brittle is so easy and foolproof and does not require the use of a sugar thermometer. 

Til chikki served in a tray, garnished with pistachio nuts and rose petals



I remember I and my brother used to love eating sesame seed snaps - my Mum would buy them near the till when we went grocery shopping with her. 

She then started making various flavours and styles of these sesame seed snaps or brittle at home.

This version, with an abundance of mixed nuts and various seeds, remains one of our favourites to this day. 

There are a few names that we can give to this sweet treat. They are known as sesame seed snaps, brittle or in India as chikki. They are also known as Til Papdi or Til Chikki with "til" meaning sesame. 

Strictly speaking, chikki is made with jaggery only but often, these names are used interchangeably. Til Papdi is made using jaggery and sesame seeds and also known as til aur gur ki chikki or Tilgul too.  

Other Chikki recipes we love are:

Peanut Chikki or Singdana Chikki

Rose, Pistachio, Coconut Til Gajak

Mixed Seeds and Jaggery Chikki/Fudge

Til ki chikki or sesame chikki arranged in a tray to consume

When to eat Chikki

What I love about recipes that are made on certain occasions is that it takes the guesswork out of the age-old question - what to cook? 

I know that I will guaranteed get to savour all of my favourites as they all have their special place in the calendar!

In India, these brittles or chikkis are often eaten during the January Indian festival known as Makarsakranti in western India. It is known as Lohri in North India or Pongal in South India. 

Not only then, but this can be enjoyed as a mid-morning or afternoon snack, as a light dessert or in childrens' lunch box (make sure your children's school is not nut-free )

During the winter in Gujarat, along with chikkis, gajak and brittles, another delicacy enjoyed by people is Kachriyu and Peanuts and Sesame Kachariyu. Kachariyu is a sweet traditionally made from raw crushed sesame seeds. 

For savoury food, Makarsakranti is famous for eating:


Khasta Kachori

Winter Vegetable Pulao with Gujarati Kadhi

Mixed Dry Fruit Chikki

I was debating on the title for these for a while. The original title for this blog post back in 2011 was "Mixed Dry Fruit and Seeds Brittle". 

In India, nuts are known as dry fruit alongside actual dried fruit such as dates, figs, apricot etc. I have changed the title to Mixed Nuts as I feel it is more appropriate and explains what has actually gone into the recipe. 

Ingredients for Mixed Nuts and Seeds Brittle/Chikki

(exact measurements found in the recipe card below)

  • almond slivers or toasted flakes
  • pistachios -unsalted
  • cashew nuts - raw
  • grated coconut - desiccated coconut provides an extra sweet and nutty flavour 
  • sesame seeds - we have used brown sesame seeds which are commonly used for this recipe, but white sesame seeds work fine too. 
  • pumpkin seeds - You can also use a combination of pumpkin and sunflower seeds or one or the other. If you do not want to use any sesame seed, you could completely omit them and make Sunflower Seed Brittle or Pumpkin Seed brittle purely using those ingredients alone. 
  • sugar - regular granulated sugar
  • cardamom powder - to give this brittle an Indian flavour, we have added a pinch of cardamom powder. Cardamom powder is the go-to flavouring for most Indian sweets
  • ghee - we have used homemade desi ghee. For a vegan option, see below. You could use butter but I think that the flavour of ghee is best. 

Is Sesame Brittle Healthy?

The mixed nuts provide essential vitamins and minerals but do not be mistaken - they may be nutritious but the brittle are still packed with a lot of sugar and therefore are not healthy as such!! 

Can I make vegan sesame seed snaps?

You can easily make vegan sesame seed brittle. All you have to do is swap the ghee for coconut oil. 

The brittle will still have a very similar texture and I don't think that there is much difference in the flavour of the brittle. 

You can also use vegetable ghee which is the vegan alternative to desi ghee. Desi ghee or asli ghee is made purely from butter. Vegetable ghee is made from vegetable oils making it vegan. 

Equipment required to make Sesame Seed snaps

You must use a thick bottom pan or kadai or non-stick pan with a thick base. Try to use a wide pan so you can freely mix and stir. 

To roll the mixture on, I recommend a flat wooden chopping board and wooden rolling pin, do not use a plastic chopping board.

If chopping board is not available use stainless steel plate and use upside down. 

Texture of these mixed nuts brittle

These mixed nuts and seeds brittle will have a bite similar to ginger nut biscuits. 

This bite is achieved by the sugar as it hardens. 

How to cut Sesame Seed Brittle

This brittle recipe is so quick, the mixture hardens in less than 1-2 minutes once it is done. In this short time, you need to roll out the mixture and cut it too. Once it hardens you won't be able to cut it, only way there is to use a hammer to break it! 

Use a knife or pizza cutter to cut into diamonds. 

How to make the best Sesame Seed or Til Chikki with cooking tips

There is a skill to making chikki and getting the texture and bite just right. 

You have to work fast with this recipe - so no distractions and background tv on (I should seriously take my own advice someday ...) 

Make sure all the nuts, seeds and ghee are not too old or rancid otherwise chikki will be bitter and can make you ill. 

Whilst roasting the seeds keep an eye and stir it continually. 

Keep the nuts fairly small in size so they are easy to roll it out. 

Whilst dissolving the sugar, keep the heat on LOW. On HIGHER flame the sugar will burn and taste bitter. As soon as the sugar has melted completely turn off the heat then add the other ingredients. 

Grease the chopping board and rolling pin with ghee before you roll out the mixture to prevent the mixture sticking.

You can alter the ratio of sesame seed to the nuts to achieve the flavour and texture that you like best.


These chikki or brittles can be made ahead. Simply cook the recipe per below and let it cool completely before you store it in an airtight container.

These easy and quick Mixed Nut and Sesame Seed Chiiki will stay fresh and good for up to 2-3 weeks.

As there is no moisture in there, they won't go soft and that bite will remain. 

How to roast sesame seed for brittle or chikki 

To get delicious and aromatic sesame chikki or brittle it is necessary that you roast the sesame seeds before you make it. You'll need perfectly roasted sesame seeds or til that has the perfect crunch, colour and taste...so I wanted to share a few tips that I've learnt from my mum that are so easy to follow.

Always check the sesame seeds before you roast, in case of any tiny stones that have made their way into the packet.

Make sure you use a heavy bottom pan.

Always dry roast the sesame seeds and keep the heat on low.

Keep stirring continuously

Once they start roasting you will be able to smell the aroma of the sesame seeds. 

Then, the colour will slightly change -  it will go darker in shade and then a couple of them start to pop.

At this stage turn off the heat, but leave the seeds in a pan and keep roasting them.

Once they stop popping, remove the pan from the heat and let the sesame cool in the pan itself. 

You'll have perfectly toasted sesame seeds ready, especially for this recipe. 

How to make Mixed Nuts and Sesame Seed Chikki

1. Dry roast raw sesame seeds in a pan on low heat. Once done remove.

roasting sesame seeds in pan for chikki

2. Now dry roast pumpkin seeds. Once done remove.

dry roasting pumpkin seeds

3. Heat ghee in a pan.

heating ghee in a pan

4. Add sugar.

making sugar syrup for brittle

5. Keep stirring.

melting sugar for dessert

6. Sugar started melting, keep the heat low.

sugar melting on low heat

7. Completely melted sugar, turn off the heat.

caramelized sugar for brittle

8. Add all the seeds, nuts, coconut and cardamom powder.

seeds and nuts in a pan

9. Quickly combine everything.

Sesame Chikki mix

10. Transfer it on greased wooden chopping board.

Sesame seeds chikki mixture on chopping board

11. Quickly roll it out into desired thickness.

12. Cut into the desired shape using a sharp knife or pizza cutter whilst it is hot. Remove once cooled completely. 

Til ki chikki with sugar


Like this recipe?

You might like these recipes too

Rose, Pistachio Sesame Tahini Halwa

Mixed dry fruit and nuts Puran Poli/Vedmi

Kesar Badam Masala

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til chikki with sugar, sesame brittle, til chikki, til papdi, mixed nut, sesame seeds
Desserts, Snacks
Yield: 20-22 PIECES
Author: Hayley Dhanecha
Mixed Nut and Sesame Seed Chikki

Mixed Nut and Sesame Seed Chikki

These tasty and irresistible mixed nuts and sesame seeds chikki or brittle will definitely satisfy your sweet tooth! An easy and quick recipe that is a keeper.
Prep time: 10 MinCook time: 10 Mininactive time: 10 MinTotal time: 30 Min


1 cup = 250ml


  1. Apply little ghee on flat wooden chopping board and rolling pin, leave it aside.
  2. In a heavy-based pan or Kadai dry roast sesame seeds and pumpkin seeds until toasty and aromatic. 
  3. Remove and keep it aside.
  4. In the same pan, melt remaining ghee on low heat.
  5. Add sugar and keep stirring continuously. 
  6. Once the sugar is completely dissolved and changes the colour into light amber, turn off the heat.
  7. Quickly add all the ingredients and stir, make sure everything nicely coated with syrup.
  8. Remove and place it on the greased board.
  9. With the help of rolling pin quickly roll it out to desire thickness. 
  10. Cut it out into the desired shape using a sharp knife or pizza cutter whilst the mixture is still warm. 
  11. Once cooled down (after 5 minutes) separate the chikki pieces.
  12. Let it cool down completely before store it in an airtight container.


You may use sunflower seeds instead of pumpkin seeds.

Vegans use coconut oil or vegetable ghee or butter.

You may leave cardamom if don't like the flavour or don't have at that time.

Do not touch the cooked mixture with bare hands whilst it is HOT.

Work very fast as the mixture hardens in no time.

We have used flower petals for photographic purpose only.



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The nutritional information provided is an approximation calculated by an online calculator. Please consult a professional dietitian for nutritional advice.
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Note - this recipe was posted on our blog on 14th January 2011, since I have updated the post with new content and pictures. 


  1. Happy Sankranthi Jagruti!!...
    Lovely looking brittle!

  2. Healthy and delicious mixed nuts brittle.Happy Sankranti.

  3. Delicious Jaggery Brittle....
    Happy Sankranthi to u and ur family!!

  4. That's so perfect brittle..love it..happy sankranti :)

  5. HEY JAGS,

  6. I'm crazy for dried fruit bars. Yours look really delicious. Great ^__^ Bye bye, have good we

  7. Looks very tempting
    Happy sankranti to you and your family

  8. Happy Sankranti dear.....
    bar looks healthy and delicious :)

  9. I love brittle but have never seen one made with this many seeds before! Delicious.

  10. Am just drooling here, happy Makara sankranti wishes to u and ur family..

  11. Happu Sankrati a very informative post jags and the brittle looks so so good, i love these sugar ones and the one we get in south with jaggery, wish i had few right now.

  12. very nice and informative post.. we tamilians call it Pongal.

    nice to know about kite flying and manza. here also they use the term. chikki looks very tempting.

  13. nt a sweet person but love mixed fruit n seed chikki....looks simply scruptious..made jaggery n sesame brittle this sankranti..wil post soon...happy sankranti jags...

  14. happy sankranti dear. the brittles look tempting

  15. Wow.. tht looks really good... like it with the dryfruits..

    Hope u had a colorful makar sankranti :-)

  16. Chikki looks perfect and healthy with those nuts in there..

  17. Mixed fruit and seeds chikki is very tempting

  18. O wow...I can say this recipe came to my sight well in time, as Lohri is falling here in india in couple of days and eating such brittles are part of the tradition. Really amazed to see this.

  19. This is a great share with the step by step images. I found it particularly useful that you have describe the texture of the chikki.It is exactly true and easy to understand in global terms.

  20. Wow love the idea of using many nuts with sesame. Chikki is always favorite to us especially during festivals!

  21. Chikki and makar Sankranti go hand in hand and we Indians can't imagine kite flying festival without making Chikki at home.
    Your Chikki has come out perfect and looks gorgeous.

  22. I love all your recipes and photographs. Found this recipe on the perfect today as today is Makar sankranti. I will definitely try this recipe. The chikkis look so tempting. Thanks for sharing this awesome recipe.

  23. How beautiful these chikki looks! I absolutely adore your pictures and this is no exception! Such a simple recipe and thanks for your step by step pictures.

  24. Delicious homemade til and nuts chikki. I did not know they were called snaps too. Thanks. Happy makar sankranti to you.

  25. Mixed seeds chikki is one of my favorite to make in the winters and i love to add all those seeds which are otherwise difficult to give to the girls. They love them in the chikkis. Yours looks absolutely beautiful.


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